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Ana Tavares

Areas of expertise

Electrochemistry and micro energy systems

  • Full Professor


450 929-8102


Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications Research Centre

1650 Lionel-Boulet Blvd.
Varennes, Quebec J3X 1P7

See the research centre


1.1 Publications in refereed journals

64. M.J. Paulo, R.H.D. Venancio, R.G. Freitas, E.C. Pereira, A. C. Tavares (2019), Investigation of the electrocatalytic activity for ethanol oxidation of Pt nanoparticles modified with small amount (≤ 5 wt%) of CeO2, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 840, 367-375.
63. N. Zouaoui, B. D. Ossonon, M. Fan, D. Maiilukila§, S. Garbarino, G. de Silveira, G. Botton, D. Guay, A. C. Tavares (2019) Electroreduction of CO2 to formate on amine modified Pb electrodes, Journal of Materials Chemistry A (DOI: 10.1039/C8TA09637F).
62. F. Navarro-Pardo§, X. Tong, G. S. Selopal, S.G. Cloutier, S. Sun, A. C. Tavares, H. Zhao, Z. M. Wang, F. Rosei (2019) Graphene oxide/cobalt-based nanohybrid electrodes for robust hydrogen generation, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 245, 167-176.
61. F. Deganello, D. Nii Oko. M.L. Testa, V. La Parola,M.L. Tummino, C.O. Soares, J. Rivera Morales, G. Orozco Gamboa, D. Guay, A.C. Tavares* (2018) Perovskite-type catalysts prepared by nanocasting: effect of metal silicates on the electrocatalytic activity toward oxygen evolution and reduction reactions, ACS Applied Energy Materials, 10.1021/acsaem.8b00282,  1 (6), pp 2565–2575
60. R.A. Silva, C.O, Soares, R. Afonso, M.D. Carvalho, A.C. Tavares, M.E. Melo Jorge, A. Gomes, M.I. da Silva Pereira, C.M. Rangel (2017), Synthesis and electrocatalytic properties of La0.8Sr0.2FeO3−δ perovskite oxide for oxygen reactions, AIMS Materials Science, 4, 991-1009
59. F. Mahvash, S. Eissa, T. Bordjiba, A. C. Tavares, T. Szkopek, M. Siaj (2017), Corrosion resistance of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on copper, Scientific Reports, 7, 42139
58. G. Zhang, Q. Wei, X. Yang, A. C. Tavares*, S. Sun (2017), RRDE Experiments on Noble-Metal and Noble-Metal-Free Catalysts: impact of loading on the activity and selectivity of oxygen reduction reaction in alkaline solution, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 206, 115-126
57. J.F. Carneiro§, M.J. Paulo, M. Siaj, A.C. Tavares, M.R.V. Lanza (2016), Zirconia on reduced graphene oxide sheets: Synergistic catalyst with high selectivity for the H2O2 electrogeneration, ChemElectroChem 4, 508-513
56. B.R. Matos, M.A. Dresch, E.I. Santiago, L.P.R. Moraes, D.J. Carastan, J. Schoenmaker, I.A. Velasco-Davalos, A. Ruediger, A.C. Tavares, F.C. Fonseca (2016), Nafion membranes annealed at high temperature and controlled humidity: structure, conductivity, and fuel cell performance, Electrochimica Acta 196, 110-117
55. J. N’Diaye, O. Hmam, M. Zidi, A.C. Tavares, R. Izquierdo, T. Szkopek, M Siaj (2016), One‐Step In‐Situ Growth of Core–Shell SiC@ Graphene Nanoparticles/Graphene Hybrids by Chemical Vapor Deposition, Advanced Materials Interfaces 3 (8) 1500806
54. Y. Zhao, A.C. Tavares, M.A. Gauthier (2016), Nano-engineered electro-responsive drug delivery systems, Journal of Materials Chemistry B 4 (18), 3019-3030. Invited “review article for themed collection Emerging Investigators 2016: Novel design strategies for new functional materials.”
53. Y. Fu, Q Wei, X. Wang, G. Zhang, H. Shu, X. Yang, A.C. Tavares, S. Sun (2016), A facile synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles/graphene for high-performance lithium/sodium-ion batteries, RSC Advances 6 (20), 16624-16633
52. R. Elshafey, M. Siaj, A.C. Tavares, Au nanoparticles decorated graphene nanosheets for electrochemical immunosensing of p53 antibodies for cancer prognostics (2016), Analyst, 141 (9), 2733-2740. “Part of themed collection: Carbon and graphene in analytical science.”
51. F. Pierre, B. Commarieu, A.C. Tavares, J. Claverie (2016), High Tg sulfonated insertion polynorbornene ionomers prepared by catalytic insertion polymerization, Polymer 86, 91-97. (IF=3.586)
50. J. Fernandes Carneiro, M.J. Paulo,  M. Siaj, A.C. Tavares, M.R. Lanza (2015), Nb2O5 nanoparticles supported on reduced graphene oxide sheets as electrocatalyst for the H2O2 electrogeneration. J. of Catalysis 332, 51-61. (IF= 6.921)
49. W.R.P. Barros, J.R. Steter, M.R.V. Lanza, A.C. Tavares (2016), Catalytic activity of Fe3−xCuxO4 (0≤ x≤ 0.25) nanoparticles for the degradation of Amaranth food dye by heterogeneous electro-Fenton process, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 180, 434-441. (FI=8.328)
48. B.R. Matos, E.I. Santiago, R. Muccillo, I.A. Velasco-Davalos, A. Ruediger, A.C. Tavares, F. C. Fonseca (2015), Interplay between α-relaxation and morphology transition of perfluorosulfonate ionomer membranes, Journal of Power Sources 293, 859-867.
47. B. Atomsa Gonfa, M. R. Kim, N. Delegan, A. C. Tavares, R. Izquierdo, N. Wu, M. A. El Khakani, D. Ma (2015), Towards high efficiency air-processed near-infrared responsive photovoltaics: bulk heterojunction solar cells based on PbS/CdS core–shell quantum dots and TiO2 nanorod arrays, Nanoscale 7, 10039-10049.
46. W.R.P. Barros, Q. Wei, G. Zhang, S. Sun, M. R.V. Lanza, A. C. Tavares (2015), Oxygen reduction to hydrogen peroxide on Fe3O4 nanoparticles supported on Printex carbon and Graphene, Electrochimica Acta  159, 174-183 (invited).
45. D. Nii Oko, S. Garbarino, J. Zang, G. Hue, M. Chaker, D. Ma, D, Guay, A.C. Tavares (2015), Dopamine and ascorbic acid electro-oxidation on Au, AuPt and Pt nanoparticles prepared by pulsed laser ablation in water, Electrochimica Acta 159, 174-183.
44. D. Sebastián, V. Baglio, S. Sun, A.C. Tavares, A.S. Aricò (2015), Graphene-supported substoichiometric sodium tantalate as methanol tolerant non-noble metal catalyst for the electro-reduction of oxygen; ChemCatChem 7 (6), 911-915
43. D. Sebastián, V. Baglio, S. Sun, A.C. Tavares, A.S. Aricò (2015), Facile synthesis of Zr‐ and Ta‐based catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction, Chinese Journal of Catalysis 36 (4), 484-489 (invited).
42. W.R.P. Barros, T. Ereno, A.C. Tavares, M.R.V. Lanza (2015), In situ electrochemical generation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in alkaline aqueous solution using an unmodified gas diffusion electrode (GDE)”; ChemElectroChem 2 (5), 714-719
41. B.R. Matos, R.A. Isidoro, E.I. Santiago, A.C. Tavares, A.S. Ferlauto, R. Muccillo, F.C. Fonseca (2015), Nafion–titanate nanotubes composites prepared by in situ crystallization and casting for direct ethanol fuel cells, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 40 (4), 1859-1867
40. R. Dugas, A.C. Tavares, D. Guay (2014), Transmission line model of mixed ionic and electronic conductor: the case of hydrous ruthenium oxide, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry 18 (10), 2913-2920

39. F. Deganello, M.L. Testa, V. La Parola, A. Longo, A.C. Tavares (2014), LaFeO3-based nanopowders prepared by a soft-hard templating approach: the effect of silica texture” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, (2) 22, 2014, 8483-8447.

38. F. Capitanio, S. Siracusano. A. Stassi, V. Baglio, A.S. Arico, A.C. Tavares (2014), AC Impedance Spectroscopy Investigation of Carbon Supported Pt3Co and Pt Cathode Catalysts in Direct Methanol Fuel Cell, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy; 39, 8026-8033.

37. S. Eissa, A. Ng, M. Siaj, A.C. Tavares, M. Zourob (2013), Selection and identification of DNA aptamer against okadiac acid for biosensing application, Analytical Chemistry 85, 11794-11801.

36. D. Cozzi; C. de Bonis, A. D´Epifanio, B. Mecheri, A. C Tavares; S. Licoccia (2014), Organically Functionalized Titanium Oxide / Nafion Composite Proton Exchange Membranes for Fuel Cells Applications; J. Power Sources 248, 273-282;

35. D. Nii Oko; J. Zhang; S. Garbarino; M. Chaker; D. Ma; A. C Tavares; D. Guay (2014), Formic Acid Electro-oxidation at PtAu alloyed Nanoparticles synthesized by Pulsed Laser Ablation in Liquids, J. Power Sources 248, 273-287.

34. B. Mecheri, V. Felice, A. D’Epifanio, A. C. Tavares, S. Licoccia (2013), Composite polymer electrolytes for fuel cell applications: filler-induced effect on water sorption and transport properties; ChemPhysChem 14, 3814-3821.

33. C.O. Soares, M.D. Carvalho, A. C. Tavares, M.E.M. Jorge, A. Gomes, M.I. da Silva Pereira (2013), PtRu/C-LaNiO3 Composite Electrodes for Electrocatalysis, J. Electrochemical Society 160 (10), F1138-F1142.

32. B.R. Matos, R.A. Isidoro, E.I. Santiago, M. Linardi, A. S. Ferlauto, A. C. Tavares, F.C. Fonseca (2013), In situ fabrication of Nafion-Titanate Nanotubes hybrid electrolytes for high temperature Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell, J. Physical Chemistry C 117 (33), 16863–16870.

31. R Elshafey, A.C. Tavares, M Siaj, M Zourob (2013) Electrochemical Impedance Immunosensor based on gold nanoparticles-protein G for the detection of cancer marker epidermal growth factor receptor in human plasma and brain tissue, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 50, 143-149.

30. R. Dugas, D. Guay, A.C. Tavares (2013) Simultaneous measurements of the diffusion of formic acid and water through a Nafion membrane, Fuel Cells 13, 1024-1031.

29. J.-C. Daigle, V. Dube-Savoie, A.C. Tavares, J.P. Claverie, (2013), Copolymers of Ethylene and Sulfonated Norbornene as Proton Exchange Membranes, Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry 51 (12) 2669–2676.

28. M.J. Paulo, B.R. de Matos, S. Ntais, F.C. Fonseca, A.C. Tavares, (2013) Effect of monobutylether ethylene glycol on Mg/Al layered double hydroxide: a physicochemical and conductivity study; J. of Nanoparticle Research 15, 1440-1454.

27. V. Felice, S. Ntais and Ana C. Tavares, (2013), Propyl sulfonic acid functionalization of faujasite-type zeolites: effect on water / methanol sorption and on proton conductivity, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 169, 128-136.

26. B. Mecheri, V. Felice, Z. Zhang, A. D’Epifanio, S. Licoccia, A.C. Tavares, (2012) A DSC and DVS Investigation of Water Mobility in Nafion/Zeolite Composite Membranes for Fuel Cell Applications; Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116, 20820-20829;

25. C. de Bonis, A. D’Epifanio, B. Mecheri, E. Traversa, M Miyayama, A.C. Tavares, S. Licoccia, (2012) Layered Tetratitanate Intercalating Sulfanilic Acid for Organic/Inorganic Proton Conductors” Solid State Ionics 227, 73-79.

24. R. Elshafey, C. Tlili, A. Abulrob, A. C. Tavares, M. Zourob, (2013) Novel label-free impedimetric immunosensor for ultrasensitive detection of cancer marker Murine Double Minute 2, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 39, 220-22.

23. J. Zhang, D.N. Oko, S. Garbarino, R. Imbeault, M. Chaker, A.C. Tavares, D. Guay, D. Ma, (2012) Preparation of PtAu alloy colloids by Laser Ablation in aqueous solution and their characterization, J. Phys. Chemistry C 116, 13413-13420.

22. R. Dugas, A.C. Tavares, D. Guay, (2012) 3D-percolating model of hydrous ruthenium oxide dispersed in an inert polymer matrix: an impedance spectroscopy study, J. Electrochemical Society 159, F507-F513.

21. A. Gomes, I. Almeida, T. Frade, A.C. Tavares, (2012) Stability of Zn-Ni-TiO2 and Zn-TiO2 nanocomposite coatings in near-neutral sulphate solutions, J. Nanoparticle Research, 14,  692-705.

20. Z. Zhang; F. Désilets; V. Felice; B. Mecheri, S. Licoccia, A. C Tavares, (2011) On the Proton Conductivity of Nafion-Faujasite Composite Membranes for Low Temperature Direct Methanol Fuel Cells, J. Power Sources, 196, 9176-9187.

19. V. Felice, A.C. Tavares, (2011) Faujasite zeolites as solid electrolyte for low temperature fuel cells, Solid State Ionics; 194, 53-61.

18. S. Siracusano, A. Stassi, V. Baglio, A.S. Aricò, F. Capitanio, A.C. Tavares, (2009) Investigation of carbon supported Pt and PtCo catalysts for oxygen reduction in direct methanol fuel cells, Electrochimica Acta, 54, 4844-4850.

17. A.C. Tavares, B. Kuzin; S. Beresnev; N. Bogdanovich; E. Kurumchin; Y.A Dubitsky, A. Zaopo, (2008) “Novel Copper Based Anodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells with Samaria Doped Ceria Electrolyte”, J. Power Sources; 183, 20-25

16. A. Buttafava, A. Tavares, M. Arimondi, A. Zaopo, S. Nesti, M. Mariani, A. Faucitano, (2007) “Dose rate effects on the radiation induced oxidation of polyethylene: gamma and electron beam irradiation” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B; 265, 221

15. E. Fachinotti, E. Guerrini, A.C. Tavares and S. Trasatti, (2007), “Electrocatalysis of H2 evolution by thermally prepared ruthenium oxide. Effect of precursors: Nitrate vs. chloride”, J. Electroanalytical Chemistry, 600, 103-112

14. E. Campagnoli, A.C. Tavares, L. Fabbrini, I. Rossetti, Yu. A. Dubitsky, A. Zaopo and L. Forni, “La1-xA’xCo1-yFeyO3± (A’= Ce, Sr) catalysts for the flameless combustion of methane”, (2006), J. Mater. Sci., 41, 4713

13. J. Gaudet, A.C. Tavares, S. Trasatti, D. Guay, (2005), “Physico-chemical characterization of mixed RuO2SnO2 solid solutions”, Chem. Mater., 17, 1570-1579

12. E. Campagnoli, A.C. Tavares, L. Fabbrini, I. Rossetti, Yu. A. Dubitsky, A. Zaopo and L. Forni, (2005), “Effect of preparation method on activity and stability of LaMnO3± and LaCoO3± catalysts for the flameless combustion of methane”, Applied Catalysis B: Environment, 2, 133-139

11. A.C. Tavares, R. Pedicini, I. Gatto, Yu. A. Dubitsky, A. Zaopo, E. Passalacqua, “New sulfonated polysulfone co-polymer membranes for low-temperature fuel cells” (2003), Journal of New Materials for Electrochemical Systems, 4(6)

10. M. Campari, A.C. Tavares, S. Trasatti, (2002), “Thermally prepared Ti/RhOx electrodes – II; H2 Evolution in Acidic Solution” Chemical Industry Journal  56(6) 231-237.

9.  A.C. Tavares, M. A. M. Cartaxo, M. I. da Silva Pereira, F. M. Costa, “A comparative electrochemical study of the spinel oxide systems with nominal compositions Ni1-xCuxCo2O4 and NiCo2-yCuyO4”, (2001) J. Solid State Electrochem., 1, 57-67

8. A.C. Tavares, S. Trasatti (2000) “(Ni+RuO2) co-deposited electrodes for hydrogen evolution”, Electrochim. Acta, 45, 4195-4202

7. A.C. Tavares, M.A.M. Cartaxo, M.I. da Silva Pereira, F.M. da Costa, (1999) “Effect of the partial replacement of Ni or Co by Cu in the electrocatalytic activity of the NiCo2O4 spinel oxide”, J. Electroanal. Chem., 464, 187

6.  A.C. Tavares, M.I. da Silva Pereira, M.H. Mendonça, M.R. Nunes, F.M. da Costa and C.M. Sá, (1998) “XPS and Voltammetric Studies on Ni1-xCuxCo2O4 Spinel Oxide Electrodes”,  J. Electroanal. Chem., 449 91

5. A.C. Tavares, S. Trasatti, (1997) “Co-deposited composite layers of Ni+RuO2 for electrocatalysis of hydrogen evolution”, “Modern Chlor-Alkali Technology”, vol.7, S.A. Sealey Ed., Society for Chemical Industry, London.

4. A.C. Tavares, L. Bochatay M.I. da Silva, F.M.A. da Costa, (1996) “Oxygen Evolution on NiCo2-xRhxO4 Spinel System”, Electrochim. Acta, 41, 1953

3. A.C. Tavares, M.I. da Silva Pereira, M.H. Mendonça, M.R. Nunes e F.M. da Costa, (1995) “Caracterização Electroquímica da Espinela Ni1-xCuxCo2O4 em Meio Básico”, Portugaliae Electrochimica Acta, 13, 457

2. M.I. da Silva Pereira F.M.A. da Costa and A.C. Tavares, (1994) “Electrochemical Behaviour of NiCo2-xRhxO4 Spinel System”, Electrochimica Acta, 39, 1571.

1. H.M. Tomás, Ana C. Tavares, M.I. da Silva Pereira, M.R. Nunes, F.M.A. da Costa, (1992) “Oxygen Evolution on BaSn1-xSbxO3 (0£x£0.15) Perovskite Electrodes”,J. Chem. Faraday Trans., 88, 2571.

1.2 Refereed Conference proceedings 

13. B.R. Matos, E.I. Santiago, R. Muccillo, I.A. Velasco-Davalos, A. Ruediger, A.C. Tavares, F.C. Fonseca, α-Relaxation and Morphology Transition of Perfluorosulfonate Ionomer Membranes, (2015) MRS Proceedings Volume 1735 Pages mrsf14-1735-s05-03.

12. D. Cozzi, C. de Bonis, A. D’Epifanio, B. Mecheri, V. Felice, A.C. Tavares, and S. Licoccia, (2011) Functionalized metal oxides for PEMFC applications, ECS Transactions, 41 (1) 2297-2303.

11.B. Mecheri, V. Felice, A. D’Epifanio, A.C. Tavares, and S. Licoccia (2011), An Investigation of Inorganic/Ionomer Composite Electrolyte Membranes by Dynamic Vapor Sorption, ECS Transactions, 35 (32) 99-106.

10. M.J. Paulo, A.C. Tavares (2011), Novel Hydrotalcite Composites Membranes for Alkaline Fuel Cells, ECS Trans. 35 (31), 21.

9.N. T. Pham, A.C. Tavares, L. Dao (2010), “Electrodeposition of Polypyrrole – Biotin Films by Square Wave Cyclic Voltammetry”, ECS Transactions, 28 (7) 35-41.

8. F. Capitanio, A. C. Tavares (2010), “Hydrophilic – Hydrophobic Character of DMFC Cathode Catalyst Layers”, ECS Transactions, 28 (23) 81-88.

7. B. Mecheri, V. Felice, A. D’Epifanio, A.C. Tavares, and S. Licoccia (2010), “SnO2-ionomer composites: a comparative study of the transport properties” ECS Transactions, 28 (8) 133-139.

6.A. Gomes*, I. Almeida, T. Frade, A. C. Tavares* (2010), “Zn-TiO2 and ZnNi-TiO2 nanocomposite coatings: corrosion behaviour”, Materials Science Forum Vols. 636-637, p. 1079-1083.

5.F. Laplante, N. Bertrand, A. Tavares, S. Trasatti, D. Guay, (2005), “X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction characterization of rhodium oxides in reductive conditions”, in proceedings book “Electrocatalysis”, R. Adzic, V. Birss, G. Brisard, and A. Wieckowski eds., proceedings volume 2005-11, January 2006, The Electrochemical Society

4.A. Sin, A. Tavares, A.S. Arico, L. Gullo, D. La Rosa, S. Siracusano, V. Antonucci, Yu.A. Dubitsky, A. Zaopo, (2003), “SOFC anode for direct oxidation of CH4 at intermediate temperatures”, in proceedings book of Eight International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells VIII (SOFC-VIII) PV 2003-07, ed. By S.C. Singhal and M. Dokiya, p. 745-751.

3.A. Sin, M. Seregni, Yu.A. Dubitsky, A. Zaopo, A.S. Arico, V. Antonucci, A. Tavares, L. Gullo, D. La Rosa, S. Siracusano, (2002) “Synthesis and sintering of CexGd1-xO2-x/2 nanopowders vis chemical routes”, in proceedings book “Solid State Ionics – 2002” of Symposium FF Materials for Fuel Cells and Fuel Processors of 2002 MRS Fall Meeting, 756, p. FF3.3.

2.C. Mocchi, A.C. Tavares, S. Trasatti, P. Tosco, M. Manzoli, (2001) “Advances in the activation of carbon electrodes for oxygen reduction” in Energy and Electrochemical Processes for a Cleaner Environment, E. W. Brooman, C. M. Doyle, C. Cominellis, Winnick (eds.), Vol. 2001-23, The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ, pp. 362-370.

1.A.C. Tavares, S. Trasatti, (2000) “Co-modified Ni oxide thin films thermally grown on Ni: electrocatalytic properties” in “Oxide Films”, K.R. Herbert, R.S. Lillard, B.R. MacDougall eds. PV-2000-4, ECS, Pennington, pg.346

C. De Bonis, A. D’Epifanio, B. Mecheri, S. Licoccia, A.C. Tavares, Solid polymer proton conducting electrolytes for fuel cells, in Functional Materials: For Energy, Sustainable Development and Biomedical Sciences, Mario Leclerc et Robert Gauvin (eds), publisher Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG, 2014


8.ZAOPO Antonio; LOPES CORREIA TAVARES Ana Berta; BALLABIO Omar; FUEL CELL AND POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE; (2007) WO2007128330 A1; PIRELLI & C SPA, Italie. Application date: 2006-05-05 ; EP 2025031  B1 (2011).

7. LOPES CORREIA TAVARES, Ana, Berta;, ANTONUCCI, Vincenzo; ZAOPO, Antonio; PASSALACQUA, Enza; DI BLASI, Alessandra; DUBITSKY, Yuri, A.; ALBIZZATI, Enrico; PROTON EXCHANGE FUEL CELL (2006) WO 2006/063611A1; Publication date: 2006-06-22; Assignee: PIRELLI & C. S.P.A. Italy; Application date: 17.12.2004

6. Lopes Correia Tavares, Ana Berta; Kuzin, Boris L; Bogdanovich, Nina, M.; Beresnev, Sergey, M.; Kurumchin, Edhem, Kh.;, Dubitsky, Yuri A.; Zaopo, Antonio; Dubitsky, Yuri A.; “Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anode”; (2005) WO 2005/064717A1:Application date: 2003-12-24; Assignee: PIRELLI & C. S.P.A. Italy

5. Kuzin, Boris L; Beresnev, Sergey, M.; Bogdanovich, Nina, M.; Kurumchin, Edhem, Kh.;, Dubitsky, Yuri A.; Lopes Correia Tavares, Ana Berta; Zaopo, Antonio; Dubitsky, Yuri A.; (2005) “Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anode”; WO 2005/064732A1, Application date: 2003-12-30; Assignee: PIRELLI & C. S.P.A. Italy

4. Arico, Antonino, Salvatore; Gullo, Laura Rosalba; La Rosa, Daniela, Siracusano, Stefania; Lopes Correia Tavares, Ana Berta; Sin Xicola, Agustin; (2004) “Ceramic solid oxide fuel cell”; WO 2004/038844A1: Application date 2003-10-12; Assignee: PIRELLI & C. S.P.A. Italy ; US 7855003  B2 (2011).

3. Dubitsky, Yuri A.; Lopes Correia Tavares, Ana Berta; Zaopo, Antonio; (2004) “Fuel cell and membrane electrode assembly thereof”; WO 2004/055927A2: Application date 2002-12-13; PIRELLI & C. S.P.A. Italy; EP 1576683 B1 (2006); US7722975 (B2) – 2010-05-25 ;

2. Arico, Antonino, Salvatore; Gullo, Laura Rosalba; La Rosa, Daniela, Siracusano, Stefania; Lopes Correia Tavares, Ana Berta; Sin Xicola, Agustin; (2004) “Solid oxide fuel cell with cermet Ni/Cu alloy anode”; WO 2004/049491A1; Assignee: PIRELLI & C. S.P.A. Italy

1. Dubitsky, Yuri A.; Lopes Correia Tavares, Ana Berta; Zaopo, Antonio; Albizzati, Enrico; (2004) “Fuel cell incorporating a polymer electrolyte membrane by grafting irradiation”; WO 2004/051782A1: Application date 2002-06-28; Assignee: PIRELLI & C. S.P.A. Italy EP1518289  (B1) (3/09/2008) (this patent has been citted  in Selmiye Alkan Gürsel et al, Adv Polym Sci (2008) 215: 157–217).