Pierre Francus

Areas of expertise

Environmental sedimentology , Arctic , Image analysis , Limnogeology , Paleoclimate , Paleolimnology

Phone
418-654-3780

Fax
418-654-2600

Email
pierre.francus@ete.inrs.ca

Eau Terre Environnement Research Centre

490 rue de la Couronne
Québec City, Quebec  G1K 9A9
Canada

See research centre

Publications

Gagnon-Poiré, Antoine; Brigode, Pierre; Francus, Pierre; Fortin, David; Lajeunesse, Patrick; Dorion, Hugues et Trottier, Annie-Pier (2020). Reconstructing past hydrology of eastern Canadian boreal catchments using clastic varved sediments and hydro-climatic modeling: 160 years of fluvial inflows. Clim. Past. Discuss., EN LIGNE.

Jenny, Jean-Philippe; Koirala, Sujan; Gregory-Eaves, Irene; Francus, Pierre; Ahrens, Bernhard; Brovkin, Victor; Ojala, Antti E. K.; Zolitschka, Bernd; Bader, Juergen et Carvalhais, Nuno (2020). Reply to Li et al.: Human societies began to play a significant role in global sediment transfer 4,000 years ago. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 117 (11) : 5571-5572.

Jenny, Jean-Philippe; Koirala, Sujan; Gregory-Eaves, Irene; Francus, Pierre; Ahrens, Bernhard; Brovkin, Victor; Ojala, Antti E. K.; Zolitschka, Bernd; Bader, Juergen et Carvalhais, Nuno (2020). Human societies began to play a significant role in global sediment transfer 4,000 years ago ReplyProc. Natl Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 117 (11) : 5571-5572.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.1922723117

Nasri, Bouchra; Boucher, É.; Perreault, L.; Rémillard, B. N.; Huard, D.; Nicault, A.; Arsenault, D.; Bégin, C.; Savard, M. M.; Bégin, Y.; Francus, P. et Lajeunesse, P. (2020). Modeling hydrological inflow persistence using paleoclimate reconstructions on the Québec-Labrador (Canada) PeninsulaWater Resour. Res., EN LIGNE.
DOI : 10.1029/2019WR025122

Trottier, Annie Pier; Lajeunesse, Patrick; Gagnon-Poiré, Antoine et Francus, Pierre (2020). Morphological signatures of deglaciation and postglacial sedimentary processes in a deep fjord-lake (Grand Lake, south-EASTERN labrador)Earth Surf. Proc. Land., 45 (4) : 928-947.
DOI : 10.1002/esp.4786

Chassiot, Léo; Francus, Pierre; De Coninck, Arnaud; Lajeunesse, Patrick; Cloutier, Danielle et Labarre, Thibault (2019). Dataset for the assessment of metallic pollution in the Saint-Charles River sediments (Québec City, QC, Canada)Data in Brief, 26 (Octobre) : Art. 104256.
DOI : 10.1016/j.dib.2019.104256

Gagnon-Poiré, Antoine; Lajeunesse, Patrick; Normandeau, Alexandre; Francus, Pierre; St-Onge, Guillaume et Nzekwe, Obinna Peter (2019). Corrigendum to”Late-Quaternary glacial to postglacial sedimentation in three adjacent fjord-lakes of the Québec North Shore (eastern Canadian Shield)” [Quat. Sci. Rev. 186 (2018) 91-110]Quatern. Sci. Rev., 220 (Septembre) : 401-403.
DOI : 10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.07.030

Jenny, Jean-Philippe; Koirala, Sujan; Gregory-Eaves, Irene; Francus, Pierre; Niemann, Christoph; Ahrens, Bernhard; Brovkin, Victor; Baud, Alexandre; Ojala, Antti E. K.; Normandeau, Alexandre; Zolitschka, Bernd et Carvalhais, Nuno (2019). Human and climate global-scale imprint on sediment transfer during the HoloceneProc. Natl Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 116 (46) : 22972-22976.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.1908179116

Jones, Anna F.; Turner, Jonathan N.; Daly, Stephen J.; Francus, Pierre et Edwards, Robin J. (2019). Signal-to-noise ratios, instrument parameters and repeatability of Itrax XRF core scan measurements of floodplain sedimentsQuatern. Int., 514 (Avril) : 44-54.
DOI : 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.09.006

Khider, Deborah; Emile-Geay, Julien; McKay, Nicholas P.; Gil, Yolanda; Garijo, Daniel; Ratnakar, Varun; Alonso-Garcia, M.; Bertrand, Sébastien; Bothe, O.; Brewer, P.; Bunn, A.; Chevalier, Manuel; Comas-Bru, Laia; Csank, Adam; Dassié, Emilie; DeLong, Kristine; Felis, Thomas; Francus, Pierre; Frappier, A.; Gray, W.; Goring, S.; Jonkers, Lukas; Kahle, Michael; Kaufman, Darrell; Kehrwald, Natalie M.; Martrat, Belen; McGregor, Helen; Richey, J.; Schmittner, Andreas; Scroxton, N.; Sutherland, E.; Thirumalai, Kaustubh; Allen, Kathryn Jane; Arnaud, Fabien; Axford, Yarrow; Barrows, Timothy T.; Bazin, L.; Pilaar Birch, S. E.; Bradley, E.; Bregy, Josh; Capron, E.; Cartapanis, Olivier; Chiang, Hong-Wei; Cobb, Kim M.; Debret, M.; Dommain, René; Du, Jianghui; Dyez, Kelsey; Emerick, Suellyn; Erb, M. P.; Falster, G.; Finsinger, Walter; Fortier, Daniel; Gauthier, Nicolas; George, S.; Grimm, Eric Christopher; Hertzberg, Jennifer; Hibbert, Fiona D.; Hillman, A.; Hobbs, W.; Huber, M.; Hughes, A. L. C.; Jaccard, S.; Ruan, J.; Kienast, Markus; Konecky, Bronwen; Le Roux, Gaël; Lyubchich, Vyacheslav; Novello, Valdir Felipe; Olaka, Lydia; Partin, J. W.; Pearce, Christof; Phipps, Steven J.; Pignol, Cecile; Piotrowska, Natalia; Poli, M. S.; Prokopenko, A.; Schwanck, Fran; Stepanek, Christian; Swann, G. E. A.; Telford, Richard Telford; Thomas, Elizabeth R.; Thomas, Zoé A.; Truebe, S.; von Gunten, Lucien; Waite, A.; Weitzel, Nils; Wilhelm, Bruno; Williams, J.; Williams, J. J.; Winstrup, Mai; Zhao, Ning et Zhou, Yuxin (2019). PaCTS 1.0: A Crowdsourced Reporting Standard for Paleoclimate DataPaleoceanogr. Paleoclimatol., 34 (10) : 1570-1596.
DOI : 10.1029/2019PA003632

Lapointe, François; Francus, Pierre; Stoner, Joseph Stephen; Abbott, Mark B.; Balascio, Nicholas L.; Cook, Timothty L.; Bradley, Raymond S.; Forman, Steven L.; Besonen, Mark et St-Onge, Guillaume (2019). Chronology and sedimentology of a new 2.9 ka annually laminated record from South Sawtooth Lake, Ellesmere IslandQuatern. Sci. Rev., 222 (Octobre) : Art. 105875.
DOI : 10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.105875

Larmagnat, Stéphanie; Des Roches, Mathieu; Daigle, Louis-Frédéric; Francus, Pierre; Lavoie, Denis; Raymond, Jasmin; Malo, Michel et Aubiès-Trouilh, Alexandre (2019). Continuous porosity characterization: Metric-scale intervals in heterogeneous sedimentary rocks using medical CT-scannerMar. Petrol. Geol., 109 (Novembre) : 361-380.
DOI : 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2019.04.039

Lowemark, Ludvig; Bloemsma, Menno; Croudace, Ian; Daly, J. Stephen; Edwards, Robin J.; Francus, Pierre; Galloway, Jennifer M.; Gregory, Braden R. B.; Huang, Jyh-Jaan Steven; Jones, Anna F.; Kylander, Malin; Lowemark, Ludvig; Luo, Yangbing; Maclachlan, Suzanne; Ohlendorf, Christian; Patterson, Timothy R.; Pearce, Christof; Profe, Jorn; Reinhardt, Eduard G.; Stranne, Christian; Tjallingii, Rik et Turner, Jonathan N. (2019). Practical guidelines and recent advances in the Itrax XRF core-scanning procedureQuatern. Int., 514 (Avril) : 16-29.
DOI : 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.10.044

Turney, Chris S. M.; McGregor, Helem V.; Francus, Pierre; Abram, Nerilie J.; Evans, Michael N.; Goosse, Hugues; Von Gunten, Lucien; Kaufman, Darrell S.; Linderholm, Hans W.; Loutre, Marie-France et Neukom, Raphael (2019). Introduction to the special issue on climate of the past 2000 years: global and regional synthesesClim. Past., 15 (2) : 611-615.
DOI : 10.5194/cp-15-611-2019

Dubois, Nathalie; Saulnier-Talbot, Émilie; Mills, Keely; Gell, Peter; Battarbee, Rick; Bennion, Helen; Chawchai, Sakonvan; Dong, Xuhui; Francus, Pierre; Flower, Roger; Gomes, Doriedson F.; Gregory-Eaves, Irene; Humane, Sumedh; Kattel, Giri; Jenny, Jean-Philippe; Langdon, Peter; Massaferro, Julieta; McGowan, Suzanne; Mikomägi, Annika; Ngoc, Nguyen Thi Minh; Sandaruwan Ratnayake, Amila; Reid, Michael; Rose, Neil; Saros, Jasmine; Schilereff, Daniel; Tolotti, Monica et Valero-Garcés, Blas (2018). First human impacts and responses of aquatic systems: A review of palaeolimnological records from around the worldAnthropocene Review, 5 (1) : 26-68.
DOI : 10.1177/2053019617740365

Gagnon-Poiré, Antoine; Lajeunesse, Patrick; Normandeau, Alexandre; Francus, Pierre; St-Onge, Guillaume et Nzekwe, Obinna Peter (2018). Late-Quaternary glacial to postglacial sedimentation in three adjacent fjord-lakes of the Québec North Shore (eastern Canadian Shield)Quatern. Sci. Rev., 186 (Avril) : 91-110.
DOI : 10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.02.013

Kaufman, Darrell S.; Abram, Nerilie J.; Evans, Michael N.; Francus, Pierre; Goosse, Hugues; Linderholm, Hans W.; Loutre, Marie-France; Martrat, Belen; McGregor, Helem V.; Neukom, Raphael; George, Scott St.; Turney, Chris S. M. et Von Gunten, Lucien (2018). Technical note: Open-paleo-data implementation pilot – the PAGES 2k special issueClim. Past., 14 (5) : 593-600.
DOI : 10.5194/cp-14-593-2018

Linderholm HW, Nicolle M, Francus P, Gajewski K, Helama S, Korhola A, Solomina O, Yu Z, Zhang P, D’Andrea WJ, Debret M, Divine DV, Gunnason BE, Loader NJ, Massei N, Seftifgen K, Thomas EK et Werner JP (2018). Arctic hydroclimate variability during the last 2000 years: current understanding and research challengesClim. Past., 14 : 473-514.    DOI : 10.5194/cp-14-473-2018

Nzekwe, Obinna Peter; Francus, Pierre; St-Onge, Guillaume; Lajeunesse, Patrick; Fortin, David; Gagnon-Poiré, Antoine; Philippe, Édouard G. H. et Normandeau, Alexandre (2018). Recent sedimentation in three adjacent fjord-lakes on the Québec North Shore (Eastern Canada): facies analysis, laminae preservation and potential for varve formationCan. J. Earth Sci. / Rev. Can. Sci. Terre, 55 (2) : 138-153.
DOI : 10.1139/cjes-2017-0070

Vuillemin, Aurèle; Ariztegui, Daniel; Horn, Fabien; Kallmeyer, Jens; D’Orsi, William; Anselmetti, Flavio; Corbella, Hugo; Francus, Pierre; Lücke, Andreas; Maidana, Nora Irene; Ohlendorf, Christian; Schäbitz, Frank; Wastegard, Stefan et Bernd, Zolitschka (2018). Microbial community composition along a 50,000 year lacustrine sediment sequence. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 94 (4) : Fiy029.

Werner, Johannes P.; Divine, Dmitry V.; Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik; Nilsen, Tine et Francus, Pierre (2018). Spatio-temporal variability of Arctic summer temperatures over the past 2 millenniaClim. Past, 14 : 527-557.
DOI : 10.5194/cp-14-527-2018

Emile-Geay, Julien; McKay, Nicholas P.; Kaufman, Darrell S.; von Gunten, Lucien; Wang, Jianghao; Anchukaitis, Kevin J.; Abram, Nerilie J.; Addison, Jason A.; Curran, Mark A. J.; Evans, Michael N.; PAGES2k Consortium et Francus, Pierre (2017). Data Descriptor: A global multiproxy database for temperature reconstructions of the Common EraScientific Data, 4 : Art. 170088.
DOI : 10.1038/sdata.2017.88

Jouve, Guillaume; Lisé-Pronovost, Agathe; Francus, Pierre; De Coninck, Arnaud et PASADO science team (2017). Climatic influence of the latest Antarctic isotope maximum of the last glacial period (AIM4) on Southern PatagoniaPalaeogeogr. Palaeocl. Paleoecol., 472 (Avril) : 33-50.
DOI : 10.1016/j.palaeo.2017.02.020

Lapointe, François; Francus, Pierre; Lamoureux, Scott F.; Vuille, Mathias; Jenny, Jean-Philippe et Bradley, Raymond S. (2017). Influence of North Pacific decadal variability on the western Canadian Arctic over the past 700 yearsClim. Past., 13 (4) : 411-420.
DOI : 10.5194/cp-13-411-2017

Normandeau, Alexandre; Dietrich, Pierre; Lajeunesse, Patrick; St-Onge, Guillaume; Ghienne, Jean-François; Duchesne, Mathieu J. et Francus, Pierre (2017). Timing and controls on the delivery of coarse sediment to deltas and submarine fans on a formerly glaciated coast and shelfGeol. Soc. Am. Bull., 129 (11-12) : 1424-1441.
DOI : 10.1130/B31678.1

Beaudoin, Anne; Pienitz, Reinhard; Francus, Pierre; Zdanowicz, Christian et St-Onge, Guillaume (2016). Palaeoenvironmental history of the last six centuries in the Nettilling Lake area (Baffin Island, Canada): A multi-proxy analysisThe Holocene, 26 (11) : 1835-1846.
DOI : 10.1177/0959683616645937

Briner, Jason P.; McKay, Nicholas P.; Axford, Yarrow; Bennike, Ole; Bradley, Raymond S.; De Vernal, Anne; Fisher, David; Francus, Pierre; Fréchette, Bianca; Gajewski, Konrad; Jennings, Anne; Kaufman, Darrell S.; Miller, Gifford; Rouston, Cody et Wagner, Bernd (2016). Holocene climate change in Arctic Canada and GreenlandQuatern. Sci. Rev., 147 (Septembre) : 340-364.
DOI : 10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.02.010

Crabeck, Odile; Galley, Ryan; Delisle, Bruno; Else, Brent; Geilfus, Nicolas-Xavier; Lemes, Marcos; Des Roches, Mathieu; Francus, Pierre; Tison, Jean-Louis et Rysgaard, Soren (2016). Imaging air volume fraction in sea ice using non-destructive X-ray tomographyCryosphere, 10 (3) : 1125-1145.
DOI : 10.5194/tc-10-1125-2016

Jenny, Jean-Philippe; Francus, Pierre; Normandeau, Alexandre; Lapointe, François; Perga, Marie-Élodie; Ojala, Antti E. K.; Schimmelmann, Arndt et Zolitschka, Bernd (2016). Global spread of hypoxia in freshwater ecosystems during the last three centuries is caused by rising local human pressureGlob. Change Biol., 22 (4) : 1481-1489.
DOI : 10.1111/gcb.13193

Jenny, Jean-Philippe; Normandeau, Alexandre; Francus, Pierre; Taranu, Zofia Ecaterina; Gregory-Eaves, Irene; Lapointe, François; Jautzy, Josue; Ojala, Antti E. K.; Dorioz, Jean-Marcel; Schimmelmann, Arndt et Zolitschka, Bernd (2016). Urban point sources of nutrients were the leading cause for the historical spread of hypoxia across European lakesProc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, 113 (45) : 12655-12660.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.1605480113

Narancic, Biljana; Pienitz, Reinhard; Chapligin, Bernhard; Meyer, Hanno; Francus, Pierre et Guilbault, Jean-Pierre (2016). Postglacial environmental succession of Nettilling Lake (Baffin Island, Canadian Arctic) inferred from biogeochemical and microfossil proxiesQuatern. Sci. Rev., 147 (Septembre) : 391-405.
DOI : 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.12.022

Normandeau, Alexandre; Lajeunesse, Patrick; Poirer, Antoine G. et Francus, Pierre (2016). Morphological expression of bedforms formed by supercritical sediment density flows in four fjord-lake deltas of the south-eastern Canadian Shield (Eastern Canada)Sedimentology, 63 (7) : 2106-2129.
DOI : 10.1111/sed.12298

Normandeau, Alexandre; Lamoureux, Scott F.; Lajeunesse, Patrick et Francus, Pierre (2016). Sediment dynamics in paired High Arctic lakes revealed from high-resolution swath bathymetry and acoustic stratigraphy surveysJ. Geophys. Res. – Earth Surface, 121 (9) : 1676-1696.
DOI : 10.1002/2016JF003873

Schimmelmann, Arndt; Lange, Carina B.; Schieber, Juergen; Francus, Pierre; Ojala, Antti E. K. et Zolitschka, Bernd (2016). Varves in marine sediments: A reviewEarth-Sci. Rev., 159 (Août) : 215-246.
DOI : 10.1016/j.earscirev.2016.04.009

Vuillemin, Aurèle; Aritztegui, Daniel; Leavitt, Peter R.; Bunting, Lynda; Anselmetti, Flavio; Corbella, Hugo; Francus, Pierre; Lücke, Andrea; Maidana, Nora Irene; Ohlendorf, Christian; Schäbitz, Frank; Wastegard, Stefan et Zolitschka, Bernd (2016). Recording of climate and diagenesis through sedimentary DNA and fossil pigments at Laguna Potrok Aike, ArgentinaBiogeosciences, 13 (8) : 2475-2492.
DOI : 10.5194/bg-13-2475-2016

Balascio, N. L.; Francus, P.; Bradley, R. S.; Schupack, B. B.; Miller, G. H.; Kvisvik, B. C.; Bakke, J. et Thordarson, T. (2015). Investigating the use of scanning X-ray fluorescence to locate cryptotephra in minerogenic lacustrine sediment: Experimental results. Dans: Croudace, I. W. et Rothwell, R. G., (Eds). Micro-XRF studies of sediment cores. Applications of a non-destructive tool for the environmental sciences. pp. 305-324. Springer Science+Business.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-017-9849-5

Cuven, S.; Francus, P.; Cremer, J. F. et Bérubé, B. (2015). Optimization of Itrax Core Scanner protocols for the micro X-ray fluorescence analysis of finely laminated sediment: A case study of lacustrine varved sediment from the high arctic. Dans: Croudace, I. W. et Rothwell, R. G., (Eds). Micro-XRF studies of sediment cores. Applications of a non-destructive tool for the environmental sciences. pp. 279-304. Springer Science+Business.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-017-9849-5_10

Francus, P.; Kanamaru, K. et Fortin, D. (2015). Standardization and calibration of X-radiographs acquired with the ITRAX Core Scanner. Dans: Croudace, I. W. et Rothwell, R. G., (Eds). Micro-XRF studies of sediment cores. Applications of a non-destructive tool for the environmental sciences. pp. 491-506. Springer Science+Business.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-017-9849-5

Lisé-Pronovost, A.; St-Onge, G.; Gogorza, C.; Haberzettl, T.; Jouve, G.; Francus, P.; Ohlendorf, C.; Gebhardt, C.; Zolitschka, B. et PASADO science team (2015). Rock-magnetic proxies of wind intensity and dust since 51,200 cal BP from lacustrine sediments of Laguna Potrok Aike, southeastern PatagoniaEarth Planet. Sci. Lett., 411 (Février) : 72-86.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.11.007

Zimmermann, C.; Jouve, G.; Pienitz, R.; Francus, P. et Maidana, N. I. (2015). Late glacial and early holocene cyclic changes in paleowind conditions and lake levels inferred from diatom assemblage shifts in Laguna Potrok Aike sediments (southern Patagonia, Argentina)Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl. Paleoecol., 427 (Juin) : 20-31.
DOI : 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.03.006

Zolitschka, B.; Francus, P.; Ojala, A. E. K. et Schimmelmann, A. (2015). Varves in lake sediments – a reviewQuatern. Sci. Rev., 117 (Juin) : 1-41.
DOI : 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.03.019

Bouchard, F.; Francus, P.; Pienitz, R.; Laurion, I. et Feyte, S. (2014). Subarctic thermokarst ponds: Investigating recent landscape evolution and sediment dynamics in thawed permafrost of Northern Québec (Canada)Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res., 46 (1) : 251-271.
DOI : 10.1657/1938-4246-46.1.251

Guyard, H.; Francus, P.; St-Onge, G.; Hausmann, S. et Pienitz, R. (2014). Microfacies and microstructures of subglacial and deglacial sediments from the Pingualuit Crater Lake (Ungava Peninsula, Canada)Can. J. Earth Sci. / Rev. Can. Sci. Terre, 51 (12) : 1084-1096.
DOI : 10.1139/cjes-2014-0041

Lisé-Pronovost, A., St-Onge, G., Gogorza, C., Jouve, G., Francus, P., Zolitschka, B. et PASADO science team (2014). Rock-magnetic signature of precipitation and extreme runoff events in south-eastern Patagonia since 51,200 cal BP from the sediments of Laguna Potrok AikeQuatern. Sci. Rev., 98 (Août) : 110-125.
DOI : 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.05.029