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René Lefebvre

Areas of expertise


  • Full Professor

Eau Terre Environnement Research Centre

490 de la Couronne Street
Québec City, Quebec  G1K 9A9

See the research centre

Research interests

Professor Lefebvre is interested in multiphase flow and transfer processes (fluids, mass, heat) in porous and fractured geological environments and the geochemical reactions associated with these processes. His work is applied to the characterization and modelling of contaminated aquifers and to local and regional flow systems in relation to groundwater resource management.


Bordeleau, Geneviève, Rivard, Christine, Lavoie, Denis & Lefebvre, René (2021). A systematic multi-isotope approach to unravel methane origin in groundwater: example of an aquifer above a gas field in southern New Brunswick (Canada)Appl. Geochem., 134: Art. 105077.
DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2021.105077

Longpré-Girard, Mélanie; Martel, Richard; Robert, Thomas; Lefebvre, René; Lauzon, Jean-Marc & Thomson, Neil (2020). Surfactant foam selection for enhanced light non-aqueous phase liquids (LNAPL) recovery in contaminated aquifersTrans. Porous Media, 131: 65-84.
DOI: 10.1007/s11242-019-01292-0

Cerutti, Jérôme; Lavoie, Roxanne & Lefebvre, René (2019). Development of a knowledge base to support the consideration of groundwater protection in land-use planningSustain. Water Resour. Manage., 5 (2): 401-413.
DOI: 10.1007/s40899-017-0175-7

Ladevèze, Pierre; Rivard, Christine; Lavoie, Denis; Séjourné, Stéphan; Lefebvre, René & Bordeleau, Geneviève (2019). Fault and natural fracture control on upward fluid migration: insights from a shale gas play in the St. Lawrence Platform, CanadaHydrogeol. J., 27 (1): 121-143.
DOI: 10.1007/s10040-018-1856-5

Pétré, Marie-Amélie; Rivera, Alfonso & Lefebvre, René (2019). Numerical modeling of a regional groundwater flow system to assess groundwater storage loss, capture and sustainable exploitation of the transboundary Milk River Aquifer (Canada – USA)J. Hydrol., 575: 656-670.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.05.057

Rivard, Christine; Bordeleau, Geneviève; Lavoie, Denis; Lefebvre, René; Ladevèze, Pierre; Duchesne, Mathieu J.; Séjourné, Stéphan; Crow, Heather; Pinet, Nicolas; Brake, Virgina; Bouchedda, Abderrezak; Gloaguen, Erwan; Ahad, Jason M. E.; Malet, Xavier; Aznar, Jean-Christophe & Malo, Michel (2019). Assessing potential impacts of shale gas development on shallow aquifers through upward fluid migration: A multi-disciplinary approach applied to the Utica Shale in eastern CanadaMar. Petrol. Geol., 100: 466-483.
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2018.11.004

Ahad, Jason M. E.; Pakdel, Hooshang; Lavoie, Denis; Lefebvre, René & Headley, John V. (2018). Naphthenic acids in groundwater overlying undeveloped shale gas and tight oil reservoirsChemosphere, 191: 664-672.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.10.015

Beaudry, Châtelaine; Lefebvre, René; Rivard, Christine & Cloutier, Vincent (2018). Conceptual model of regional groundwater flow in a fractured rock aquifer system based on hydrogeochemistryCan. Water Resour. J. / Rev. Can. Ressour. Hydr., 43 (2): 152-172.
DOI: 10.1080/07011784.2018.1461579

Bordeleau, Geneviève; Rivard, Christine; Lavoie, Denis; Lefebvre, René; Ahad, Jason M. E.; Xu, Xiaomei & Mort, Andy (2018). A multi-isotope approach to determine the origin of methane and higher alkanes in groundwater of the St. Lawrence Platform, Saint-Édouard area, eastern CanadaEnviron. Geosci., 25 (3): 75-100.
DOI: 10.1306/eg.04121817020

Bordeleau, Geneviève; Rivard, Christine; Lavoie, Denis; Lefebvre, René; Malet, Xavier & Ladevèze, Pierre (2018). Geochemistry of groundwater in the Saint-Édouard area, Québec, Canada, and its influence on the distribution of methane in shallow aquifersAppl. Geochem., 89: 92-108.
DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2017.11.012

Janos, Debora; Molson, John & Lefebvre, René (2018). Regional groundwater flow dynamics and residence times in Chaudière-Appalaches, Québec, Canada: Insights from numerical simulationsCan. Water Resour. J. / Rev. Can. Ressour. Hydr., 43 (2): 214-239.
DOI: 10.1080/07011784.2018.1437370

Ladevèze, Pierre; Séjourné, Stéphan; Rivard, Christine; Lavoie, Denis; Lefebvre, René & Rouleau, Amélie (2018). Defining the natural fracture network in a shale gas play and its cover succession: The case of the Utica Shale in eastern CanadaJ. Struct. Geol., 108: 157-170.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsg.2017.12.007

Paradis, Daniel; Ballard, Jean-Marc; Lefebvre, René & Savard, Martine M. (2018). Multi-scale nitrate transport in a sandstone aquifer system under intensive agricultureHydrogeol. J., 26 (2): 511-531.
DOI: 10.1007/s10040-017-1668-z

Rey, Nathalie; Rosa, Éric; Cloutier, Vincent & Lefebvre, René (2018). Using water stable isotopes for tracing surface and groundwater flow systems in the Barlow-Ojibway Clay Belt, Quebec, CanadaCan. Water Resour. J. / Rev. Can. Ressour. Hydr., 43 (2): 173-194.
DOI: 10.1080/07011784.2017.1403960

Rivard, Christine; Bordeleau, Geneviève; Lavoie, Denis; Lefebvre, René & Malet, Xavier (2018). Temporal variations of methane concentration and isotopic composition in groundwater of the St. Lawrence Lowlands, eastern CanadaHydrogeol. J., 26 (2): 533-551.
DOI: 10.1007/s10040-017-1677-y

Rivard, Christine; Bordeleau, Geneviève; Lavoie, Denis; Lefebvre, René & Malet, Xavier (2018). Can groundwater sampling techniques used in monitoring wells influence methane concentrations and isotopes?Environ. Monit. Assess., 190: Art. 191.
DOI: 10.1007/s10661-018-6532-7

Lahmira, Belkacem; Lefebvre, René; Aubertin, Michel & Bussière, Bruno (2017). Effect of material variability and compacted layers on transfer processes in heterogeneous waste rock pilesJ. Contam. Hydrol., 204: 66-78.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jconhyd.2017.07.004

Lefebvre, René (2017). Mechanisms leading to potential impacts of shale gas development on groundwater qualityWIREs Water, 4 (1): Art. e1188.
DOI: 10.1002/wat2.1188

Robert, Thomas; Martel, Richard; Lefebvre, René; Lauzon, Jean-Marc & Morin, Annie (2017). Impact of heterogeneous properties of soil and LNAPL on surfactant-enhanced capillary desaturationJ. Contam. Hydrol., 204: 57-65.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jconhyd.2017.07.006

Ladevèze, P., Rivard, C., Lefebvre, R., Lavoie, D., Parent, M., Malet, X., Bordeleau, G. & Gosselin, J. S., (Eds). (2016) Travaux de caractérisation hydrogéologique dans la plateforme sédimentaire du Saint-Laurent, région de Saint-Édouard-de-Lotbinière, Québec. 112 pp. Ressources naturelles Canada / Natural Resources Canada.

Gosselin, Jean-Sébastien; Rivard, Christine; Martel, Richard & Lefebvre, René (2016). Application limits of the interpretation of near-surface temperature time series to assess groundwater rechargeJ. Hydrol., 538: 96-108.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.03.055

Lahmira, Belkacem; Lefebvre, René; Aubertin, Michel & Bussière, Bruno (2016). Effect of heterogeneity and anisotropy related to the construction method on transfer processes in waste rock pilesJ. Contam. Hydrol., 184: 35-49.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jconhyd.2015.12.002

Lefebvre, René; Lahmira, Belkacem & Löbner, Walfried (2016). Atmospheric control of radon emissions from a waste rock dumpEnviron. Geotech. : Art. 15.00066.
DOI: 10.1680/jenge.15.00066

Longpré-Girard, Mélanie; Martel, Richard; Robert, Thomas; Lefebvre, René & Lauzon, Jean-Marc (2016). 2D sandbox experiments of surfactant foams for mobility control and enhanced LNAPL recovery in layered soilsJ. Contam. Hydrol., 193: 63-73.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jconhyd.2016.09.001

Paradis, Daniel; Gloaguen, Erwan; Lefebvre, René & Giroux, Bernard (2016). A field proof-of-concept of tomographic slug tests in an anisotropic littoral aquiferJ. Hydrol., 536: 61-73.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.02.041

Paradis, Daniel; Lefebvre, René; Gloaguen, Erwan & Giroux, Bernard (2016). Comparison of slug and pumping tests for hydraulic tomography experiments: a practical perspectiveEnviron. Earth Sci., 75: Art. 1159.
DOI: 10.1007/s12665-016-5935-4

Paradis, Daniel; Vigneault, Harold; Lefebvre, René; Savard, Martine M.; Ballard, Jean-Marc & Qian, Budong (2016). Groundwater nitrate concentration evolution under climate change and agricultural adaptation scenarios: Prince Edward Island, CanadaEarth Syst. Dyn., 7 (1): 183-202.
DOI: 10.5194/esd-7-183-2016

Pétré, Marie-Amélie; Rivera, Alfonso; Lefebvre, René; Hendry, Jim M. & Folnagy, Attila J. B. (2016). A unified hydrogeological conceptual model of the Milk River transboundary aquifer, traversing Alberta (Canada) and Montana (USA)Hydrogeol. J., 24 (7): 1847-1871.
DOI: 10.1007/s10040-016-1433-8

Raynauld, Mélanie; Peel, Morgan; Lefebvre, René; Molson, John W.; Crow, Heather; Ahad, Jason M. E.; Ouellet, Michel & Aquilina, Luc (2016). Understanding shallow and deep flow for assessing the risk of hydrocarbon development to groundwater qualityMar. Petrol. Geol., 78: 728-737.
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2016.09.026

Robert, Thomas; Martel, Richard; Lefebvre, René; Lauzon, Jean-Marc & Morin, Annie (2016). Field tracer test for the design of LNAPL source zone surfactant flushingGround Water Monit. Remediat., 36 (2): 68-82.
DOI: 10.1111/gwmr.12164

Lahmira, B. & Lefebvre, R. (2015). Numerical modelling of transfer processes in a waste rock pile undergoing the temporal evolution of its heterogeneous material propertiesInt. J. Min. Reclamat. Environ., 29 (6): 499-520.
DOI: 10.1080/17480930.2014.889362

Lefebvre, R.; Gleeson, T.; McKenzie, J. M. & Gassiat, C. (2015). Reply to comment by Flewelling and Sharma on “Hydraulicfracturing in faulted sedimentary basins: Numerical simulationof potential contamination of shallow aquifers over long timescales”Water Resour. Res., 51 (3): 1877-1882.
DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016698

Moritz, A.; Hélie, J. F.; Pinti, D. L.; Larocque, M.; Barnetche, D.; Retailleau, S.; Lefebvre, R. & Gélinas, Y. (2015). Methane baseline concentrations and sources in shallow aquifers from the shale gas-prone region of the St.Lawrence Lowlands (Quebec, Canada)Environ. Sci. Technol., 49 (7): 4765-4771.
DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b00443

Paradis, D.; Gloaguen, E.; Lefebvre, R. & Giroux, B. (2015). Resolution analysis of tomographic slug test head data: two-dimensional radial caseWater Resour. Res., 51 (4): 2356-2376.
DOI: 10.1002/2013WR014785

Paradis, D.; Lefebvre, R.; Gloaguen, E. & Rivera, A. (2015). Predicting hydrofacies and hydraulic conductivity from direct-push data using a data-driven relevance vector machine approach: Motivations, algorithms and applicationWater Resour. Res., 51 (1): 481-505.
DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015452

Pétré, M. A.; Rivera, A. & Lefebvre, R. (2015). Three-dimensional unified geological model of the Milk River Transboundary Aquifer (Alberta, Canada-Montana, USA)Can. J. Earth Sci. / Rev. Can. Sci. Terre, 52 (2): 96-111.
DOI: 10.1139/cjes-2014-0079