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Anne Crémazy

Areas of expertise

Environmental chemistry and toxicology , Aquatic ecosystems , Ecophysiology , Environmental risk evaluation , Metal biogeochemistry

  • Associate Professor

Eau Terre Environnement Research Centre

490 de la Couronne Street
Québec City, Quebec  G1K 9A9

See the research centre

Research interests

Responsible mining is an important societal and environmental issue for Canada, which has vast mineral and water resources. Professor Crémazy and her team aim at understanding the processes that govern the interactions between metals and aquatic organisms. Of particular interest is the study of bioavailability of metals in natural waters.  This research programme is divided into three main areas:

  • Characterization of the geochemistry of metals in natural waters
  • Characterization of the influence of environmental and biological variables on the bioavailability of metals
  • Exploration of the biological fate of metals

This research work takes place in the laboratory and in the field, and covers a wide range of aquatic organisms (phytoplankton, gastropods, fish), environments (rivers, lakes, coastal areas), and regions (temperate, tropical and polar), and relies on techniques and concepts from analytical chemistry, biogeochemistry, biochemistry, toxicology, physiology, and ecology.

The techniques, data, and knowledge obtained are used to support better management of the environmental risk of metals in natural waters.


Diesbourg, Emilie, MacDonald, Morgan, Reid, Heather Bauer, MacKinnon, Roxanne, Reinhart, Bethany, Mercer, Angella & Crémazy, Anne (2023). State of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination in the Saint John Harbour, New Brunswick, Canada. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 189: Art. 114760.
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2023.114760

Crémazy, Anne, Braz-Mota, Susana, Brix, Kevin V., Duarte, Rafael M., Val, Adalberto L. & Wood, Chris M. (2022). Investigating the mechanisms of dissolved organic matter protection against copper toxicity in fish of Amazon’s black waters. Science of the Total Environment, 843: Art. 157032.
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.157032

Gauthier PT, Blewett TA, Garman ER, Schlekat CE, Middleton ET, Suominen EM & Crémazy A. 2021. Environmental risk of nickel in aquatic Arctic ecosystems. Sci Tot Environ, 797: 148921.
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148921

Barst B, Hudelson K, Lescord G, Santa-Rios A, Basu N, Crémazy A & Drevnick P. 2020. Effects of non-native fish on food web structure and mercury biomagnification along a dissolved organic carbon gradient. Environ Toxicol Chem, 39: 2196–2207.
DOI: 10.1002/etc.4831

Crémazy A, Brix KV, Smith DS, Chen W, Grosell M, Schlekat CE, Garman ER, Middleton & et Wood CM. 2020. A mystery tale: Nickel is fickle when snails fail. Investigating the variability in Ni toxicity to the great pond snail. Integr Environ Assess Manag, 16: 983–997
DOI: 10.1002/ieam.4300

Johannsson O, Ferriera MS, Smith DS, Crémazy A, Wood CM &  Val AL. 2020. Effects of natural light and depth on rates of photo-oxidation of dissolved organic carbon in a major black-water River, the Rio Negro, Brazil. Sci Tot Environ, 733: 139193.
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139193

Liu F, Tan Q-G, Weiss D, Crémazy A, Fortin C & Campbell GC. 2020. Unravelling metal speciation in the microenvironment surrounding phytoplankton cells to improve prediction of metal bioavailability. Environ Sci Tech, 54: 8177–8185.
DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.9b07773

Crémazy A, Wood CM, Smith DS & Val AL. 2019. The effects of natural suspended solids on copper toxicity to the cardinal tetra in Amazonian river waters. Environ Toxicol Chem, 38: 2708–2718.
DOI: 10.1002/etc.4586

Crémazy A, Brix KV & Wood CM. 2019. Using the Biotic Ligand Model framework to investigate binary metal interactions on the uptake of Ag, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn in the freshwater snail Lymnaea stagnalis. Sci Tot Environ, 647: 1611-1625.
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.455

Crémazy A, Brix KV & Wood CM. 2018. Chronic toxicity of binary mixtures of six metals (Ag, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn) to the great pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis. Environ Sci Technol. 52: 5979-5988.
DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.7b06554

Brix KV, Tellis MS, Crémazy A & Wood CM. 2017. Characterization of the effects of binary metal mixtures on short-term uptake of Cd, Pb and Zn by rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquat Toxicol, 193: 217-227.
DOI: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2016.10.008

Crémazy A, Wood CM, Ng T-Y, Smith DS & Chowdhury MJ. 2017. Experimentally derived acute and chronic copper biotic ligand models for juvenile rainbow trout. Aquat Toxicol, 192C: 224-240.
DOI: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2017.07.013

Crémazy A, Wood CM, Smith DS, Ferreira MS, Johannsson OE, Giacomin M & Val AL. 2016. Investigating copper toxicity in the tropical fish cardinal tetra (Paracheirodon axelrodi) in natural Amazonian waters: measurements, modeling, and reality. Aquat Toxicol, 180: 353-363.
DOI: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2016.10.011

Brix KV, Tellis MS, Crémazy A & Wood CM. 2016. Characterization of the effects of binary metal mixtures on short-term uptake of Ag, Cu and Ni by rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquat Toxicol, 180: 236-246.
DOI: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2016.10.008

Crémazy A, Leclair S, Mueller KK, Vigneault B, Campbell PGC & Fortin C. 2015. Development of an in situ ion-exchange technique for the determination of free Cd, Co, Ni and Zn concentrations in freshwaters. Aquat Geochem, 21: 1-21.
DOI: 10.1007/s10498-015-9254-2

Crémazy A, Campbell PGC & Fortin C. 2014. In the presence of fluoride, free Sc3+ is not a good predictor of Sc bioaccumulation by two unicellular algae: possible role of fluoro-complexes. Environ Sci Technol, 48: 9754-9761.
DOI: 10.1021/es5016247